Effects of malaria in pregnancy pdf
Malaria has a number of effects on the body. The parasite passes from the blood (where it enters via the bite of an infected mosquito) into the liver, where it reproduces and changes form. After a period of 14 weeks (usually it can be longer) in the liver, the malaria parasite reenters the blood and begins to infect red blood cellsJan 02, 2013 Epidemiology. Malaria in pregnancy (MiP) is a major public health problem in endemic countries. There is a wealth of evidence showing that the risk of malaria (both infection and clinical disease) is higher in pregnant than in nonpregnant women, possibly due to the immunological, hormonal changes or other factors occurring during pregnancy. effects of malaria in pregnancy pdf
We compared the effects of P vivax infection on anaemia and pregnancy outcome with those of P falciparum and no malaria infection in the first pregnancy recorded at the antenatal clinics. Findings There were 634 first episodes of pure P vivax malaria in 9956 women.
SUMMARY. Malaria during pregnancy can result in low birth weight (LBW), an important risk factor for infant mortality. This article reviews the pathological effects of malaria during pregnancy and the implications for the newborn's development and survival. Malaria in pregnancy also contributes to significant perinatal morbidity and mortality. Infection is known to cause higher rates of miscarriage, intrauterine demise, premature delivery, lowbirthweight neonates, and neonatal death. effects of malaria in pregnancy pdf association between malaria during pregnancy and malaria during first year of life which might be due to similarity in exposure risks within a family, or confounding effects of socioeconomic status. However, this association was weaker in the first four months of life, and in those women who
Malaria infection during pregnancy is a significant public health problem with substantial risks for the pregnant woman, her fetus, and the newborn child. Malariaassociated maternal illness and low birth weight is mostly the result of Plasmodium falciparum infection and occurs predominantly in effects of malaria in pregnancy pdf Malaria infection during pregnancy can have adverse effects on both mother and fetus, including maternal anemia, fetal loss, premature delivery, intrauterine growth retardation, and delivery of low birthweight infants (2500 g or 5. 5 pounds), a risk factor for death. Malaria can have devastating consequences for pregnant women and their developing fetuses. The lack of information on the effect of malaria in the first trimester has been previously identified as an important knowledge gap in estimating the burden of malaria in pregnancy. Guidelines for clinicians for the treatment of malaria focusing on treatment of severe malaria and treatment of pregnant women. Part 3 of 3 Alternatives for Pregnant Women and Treatment of Severe Malaria. Download PDF version of Parts 13 formatted for print [PDF, 82 KB, 8 pages Malaria infection during pregnancy can lead to Malaria in pregnancy Acknowledgements This document is a collaborative effort of the Global Malaria Programme and Making Pregnancy Safer departments of the World Health Organization (WHO)Rating: 4.67 / Views: 441